After violent protests across the country had forced President Suharto to step down in 1998, Indonesia successfully made the transition from an authoritarian state to a democracy. For the first time in forty years Islamic parties and organizations – including some inspired by the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood – were free to propagate their ways of thinking. The new government also succeeded in negotiating an end to a separatist rebellion in Aceh, making the province the only region in Indonesia permitted to draft its own Islamic legislation.
In this book Indonesian scholars affiliated with Islamic universities as well as Dutch researchers investigate what has happened since the transition. They explore what the consequences are of the growing influence of orthodoxy and radicalism, which – while already visible prior to 1998 – has only grown stronger. How did political and religious relations change? How were the lives of women and their legal position affected? Furthermore, what are the ramifications for religious minorities?
Kees van Dijk is Emeritus Professor of the History of Modern Islam in Indonesia at Leiden University.
Nico J.G. Kaptein teaches Islamic Studies at Leiden University and has held research fellowships in Singapore and Berlin. He is South-east Asia editor for the 3rd edition of the authoritative Encyclopaedia of Islam.
"The work is a collection of very high-quality, detailed analyses of a set of key current conflicts and issues regarding Islam and politics in Indonesia, and is particularly strong with respect to two aspects: (1) the activities of the PKS party in Indonesia and (2) post-tsunami developments in Aceh. […] The wealth of local data make it stand out from other approaches more strictly focused on national politics."
"This manuscript provides abundant new and insightful information on a diverse range of contemporary Islamic topics in Indonesia. […] I think this is a significant text which contributes considerably to scholarship on Indonesian Islam."